Adults Who Have Ever Attended School
This indicator reports the share of adults who have ever been to school.
The highest level of educational attainment achieved is reflected in the following three indicators:
Adults Who Have Less Than Primary School Completion
This is the share of adults who have not completed primary school. Some may have attended preschool. Some may have attended primary school but did not complete it. Adults who never attended school also belong in this category.
Adults Who Have Completed Primary School
This is the share of adults who have completed primary school. Adults who completed primary school, attended secondary school but did not complete secondary school belong in this category.
Adults Who Have Completed Secondary School or Higher
This is the share of adults who have completed secondary school. Adults who completed secondary school belong in this category, whether or not they also attended tertiary school.
Adults Who Can Read and Write in Any Language
This indicator is the literacy rate defined as the share of individuals who can read and write in any language.
2.2 Personal Activities
Employment Population Ratio (Or Employment Rate)
The employment population ratio, also called the employment rate, measures the share of the adult population who work for pay, profit (self-employed) or for a family business/farm (whether paid or unpaid).
Youth Idle Rate
The youth idle rate, also called NEET (youth Not in Education, Employment or Training) captures the share of youths aged 15-24 who are not enrolled in school and not employed. As information on training was not consistently available, it does not reflect whether youth might be in training.
Working Individuals in Manufacturing
Working individuals in manufacturing is the share of workers in the manufacturing sector.
Women in Managerial Positions
Women in managerial positions is the proportion of women who hold managerial positions.
Working Individuals in Informal Work
Adults in informal work measures the share of the adult working population who do informal work, i.e. who are self-employed, those who work for a microenterprise of five or fewer employees or in a firm that is unregistered, and those who have no written contract with their employers. Family workers without pay are included as informal workers.
Adults who Used a Computer Recently
This is the share of adults who recently used a computer. ‘Recently’ typically refers to a period of time within the past three months.
Adults who used the Internet Recently
This is the share of adults who recently used the internet. ‘Recently’ typically refers to a period of time within the past three months.
Adults who Own a mobile phone
Ownership of mobile phone is the share of adults who have their own mobile phone.
Adults in Households Using Safely Managed Drinking Water
This is the share of adults who live in households who have safely managed drinking water.
This indicator is based on the UN Statistics’ (2017a) definition of and background to SDG indicator 6.1.1. It refers to the proportion of the population using safely managed drinking water services. Water sources considered as safely managed include: piped water into dwelling, yard or plot; public taps or standpipes; boreholes or tubewells; protected dug wells; protected springs; packaged water; delivered water and rainwater. Water sources that are not considered as safely managed include: unprotected well, unprotected spring, tanker truck, surface water (river/lake, etc), cart with small tank” UN Statistics (2017a).
Adults in Households Using Safely Managed Sanitation Services
This is the share of adults who live in households who have safely managed sanitation services.
This indicator is based on the UN Statistics’ (2017b) definition of and background to SDG indicator 6.2.1. Members of the household are considered to have safely managed sanitation service if the household’s sanitation facility is improved and is not shared with other households. ‘Improved’ sanitation facilities include: flush or pour flush toilets to sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines, ventilated improved pit latrines, pit latrines with a slab, and composting toilets” UN Statistics (2017b).
2.4 Standard of Living
Adults in Households with Electricity
This is the share of adults who live in households with electricity.
This indicator is based on the UN Statistics’ (2017c) definition of and background to SDG indicator 7.1.1. Specifically, Indicator 7.1.1 refers to the proportion of population with access to electricity. Access is “only considered if the primary source of lighting is the local electricity provider, solar systems, mini-grids and stand-alone systems. Sources such as generators, candles, batteries, etc., are not considered due to their limited working capacities and since they are usually kept as backup sources for lighting (UN Statistics, 2017c).”
Adults in Households with Clean Cooking Fuel
This indicator is the share of adults who live in households who use clean cooking fuel.
This indicator is based on the UN Statistics’ (2017d) definition of and background to SDG indicator 7.1.2. It refers to the share of the population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology for cooking. Clean fuel includes electricity, gaseous fuels (e.g. natural gas, biogas). Unclean fuels include kerosene and solid fuels (biomass (wood, crop waste, dung), charcoal, coal).
Adults in Households with Adequate Housing
This is the share of adults who live in households with adequate housing.
Adequate housing refers to a household living in a place with quality floor, roof and wall materials. Quality floor conditions include laminates, cement, tiles, bricks, parquet. Poor floor conditions include earth, dung, stone, wood planks. Quality roof conditions include burnt bricks concrete, cement. Poor roof conditions refer to no roof or roofs made of natural or rudimentary materials (e.g. asbestos, thatch, palm leaf, mud, earth, sod, grass, plastic, polythene sheeting, rustic mat, cardboard, canvas, tent, wood planks, reused wood, unburnt bricks). Quality wall conditions include burnt bricks, concrete, cement. Poor wall conditions refer to no walls or walls made of natural or rudimentary materials (e.g. cane, palms, trunk, mud, dirt, grass, reeds, thatch, stone with mud, plywood, cardboard, carton/plastic, canvas, tent, unburnt bricks, reused wood.
Percentage of assets owned by individual’s household
The percentage of assets owned by an individual’s household is the percentage of the following assets that the adult’s household owns: a radio, TV, telephone, mobile phone, bike, motorbike, refrigerator, car (or truck) and computer.
Adults in Households with A Mobile Phone
Adults in households with a mobile phone is the share of adults who live in households with a mobile phone.
2.5 Multidimensional Analysis
Adults who experience Multidimensional Poverty
This is the share of adults who experience more than one deprivation or multidimensional poverty headcount. For more details, see Method Brief #3.